|The Common Mole - Image from National Geographic|
The reality is, if you have a population of moles in your landscape, you need them. A mole requires welcoming, moist soil, which provide it with shelter as well as a steady diet of invertebrates to fuel its racing metabolism. No invertebrates in your soil? No moles.
As a mole breaststrokes through its dark and moist world, it pushes the soil out of its way and down the sides of its body, forming both runways and tunnels from which to feed. Nearly blind, a common mole cruises just below the surface of the soil, at the root level of many plants, and uses its highly developed senses of smell, touch, and hearing, as well as sensitivity to vibrations, to locate food. As a mole burrows, it leaves behind the telltale signs of his presence – a mounding wake of loose, crumbling, soil. A mole may only travel his mounded runway once before moving on to a better feeding ground of insects.
The permanent tunnels of moles are used year-round and are located about a foot under ground. Those tunnels often lead to burrows, lined with grass, which in the spring can be home to three to six young. A mound of soil at the surface, or molehill, is characteristic of a mole’s burrow.
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